Clergy and believers refusing to join the Patriotic Church cannot evade the CCP’s continuous crackdowns and persecution even in the most remote rural places.
Amid raids and crackdowns, clergy and congregations of what used to be Underground Catholic Church are continuing to resist being governed by the state.
A new document clarifies the Holy See’s official position on the controversial question whether Catholic priests and Bishops “can” or “should” join the CCP-controlled association.
Father Liu Quanfa from the Diocese of Zhengzhou in Henan Province was forced to give up his position after extensive persecution by the CCP.
Ever since Bishop Fan Xueyan died in 1992, believers have been prevented from paying respects to someone who spent his life resisting religious persecution.
New suppression measures include the ban on pilgrimages and customized “political conversion” of those refusing to join the Patriotic Catholic Association.